Mechanical Properties for Steel Fasteners

July 5, 2019 | Author: epriyono | Category: Tornillo, Acero, Metalistería, Materiales de construcción, Materiales
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ASTM, SAE AND ISO GRADE MARKINGS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR STEEL FASTENERS Identification Specification Grade Mark

Fastener Description

SAE J429 Grade 1

No Grade Mark

No Grade Mark

ASTM A307 Grades A&B

Low or Medium Carbon Steel Bolts, Screws, Studs

SAE J429 Grade 2

SAE J429 Grade 4

ASTM A193 Grade B5

Material

Studs

Nominal Size Range (in.)

Mechanical Properties Proof Load (psi)

1/4 thru 133,000 1/2

Yield Tensile Strength Strength Min (psi) Min (psi) 36,000 60,000

Low Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 4

--

--

Low or Medium Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 3/4 Over 3/4 to 11/2

55,000 33,000

57,000 36,000

74,000 60,000

Medium Carbon Cold Drawn Steel

1/4 thru 11/2

--

100,000

115,000

80,000

100,000

85,000

110,000

105,000 95,000 75,000

125,000 115,000 100,000

105,000 95,000 85,000

125,000 115,000 100,000

30,000

75,000

AISI 501

B5

1/4 Thru 4 ASTM A193 Grade B6

AISI 410

ASTM A193 Grade B7

AISI 4140, 4142, OR 4105

ASTM A193 Grade B16

ASTM A193 Grade B8

--

B6

CrMoVa Alloy Steel

1/4 thru 21/2 Over 2-1/2 thru 4 Over 4 thru 7

----

AISI 304

1/4 and larger

--

B7

B16

B8 ASTM A193 Grade B8C

AISI 347

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B8C ASTM A193 Grade B8M

AISI 316

ASTM A193 Grade B8T

AISI 321

ASTM A193 Grade B8

AISI 304 Strain Hardened

Bolts, Screws, ASTM A193 Studs for HighGrade B8C Temperature Service

AISI 347 Strain Hardened

ASTM A193 Grade B8M

AISI 316 Strain Hardened

B8M 1/4 and larger

--

30,000

75,000

100,000 80,000 65,000 50,000

125,000 115,000 105,000 100,000

95,000 80,000 65,000 50,000

110,000 100,000 95,000 90,000

100,000 80,000 65,000 50,000

125,000 115,000 105,000 100,000

B8T

B8

B8C

B8M ASTM A193 Grade B8T

AISI 321 Strain Hardened

ASTM A320 Grade L7

AISI 4140, 4142 or 4145

ASTM A320 Grade L7A

AISI 4037

1/4 thr 3/4 Over 3/4 thru 1 Over 1 thru 1-1/4 Over 1-1/4 thru 1-1/2

-----

B8T

L7

L7A ASTM A320 Grade L7B L7B

Bolts, Screws, Studs for LowTemperature Service

1/4 thru 21/2

--

105,000

125,000

1/4 thru 4

--

105,000

125,000

AISI 4137

ASTM A320 Grade LC7

AISI 8740

ASTM A320 Grade L43

AISI 4340

L7C

L43 ASTM A320

Bolts, Screws,

1/4 and

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B8C ASTM A320 Grade B8T

AISI 321

ASTM A320 Grade B8F

AISI 303 or 303Se

ASTM A320 Grade B8M

AISI 316

ASTM A320 Grade B8

AISI 304

ASTM A320 Grade B8C

AISI 347

B8T

B8F

B8M

B8

B8C ASTM A320 Grade B8F

AISI 303 or 303Se

ASTM A320 Grade B8M

AISI 316

ASTM A320 Grade B8T

AISI 321

B8F

1/4 thru 3/4 Over 3/4 thru 1 Over 1 thru 1-1/4 Over 1-1/4 thru 1-1/2

-----

100,000 80,000 65,00 50,00

100,000 80,000 65,00 50,00

1/4 thru 1 Over 1 to 1-1/2

85,000 74,000

92,000 81,000

120,000 105,000

1/4 thru 1 Over 1 to 85,000 1-1/2 74,000 Over 1-1/2 55,000 thru 3

92,000 81,000 58,000

120,000 105,000 90,000

--

120,000

B8M

B8T SAE J429 Grade 5

ASTM A449

SAE J429 Grade 5.1

Bolts, Screws, Studs

Medium Carbon Steel, Quenched and Tempered

Sems

Low or Medium Carbon Steel, Quenched and Tempered

Bolts,

Low Carbon

No. 6 thru 3/8

85,000

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ASTM A325 Type 1 A325 ASTM A325 Type 2 A325

High Strength Structural Bolts

ASTM A325 Type 3 A325 ASTM A354 Grade BB BB

Bolts, Studs ASTM A354 Grade BC

Medium Carbon Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/2 thru 1 1-1/8 thru 1-1/2

85,000 74,000

92,000 81,000

120,000 105,000

Low Carbon Martensitic Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/2 thru 1

85,000

92,000

120,000

Atmospheric Corrosion Resisting Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/2 thru 1 1-1/8 thru 1-1/2

85,000 74,000

92,000 81,000

120,000 105,000

Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered

80,000 83,000 1/4 thru 2- 75,000 78,000 1/2 2-3/4 thru 4 105,000 109,000 95,000 99,000

105,000 100,000

Medium Carbon Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered 4

1/4 thru 1105,000 115,000 1/2

133,000

1/4 thru 1120,000 130,000 1/2

150,000

Medium Carbon Alloy or SAE 1041 1/4 thru 1Modified Elevated 120,000 130,000 1/2 Temperature Drawn Steel

150,000

125,000 115,000

BC SAE J429 Grade 7

SAE J429 Grade 8 ASTM A354 Grade BD

No Grade Mark

Bolts, Screws, Studs

SAE J429 Grade 8.1

Studs

ASTM A490

High Strength Structural Bolts

ISO R898 Class 4.6

Bolts, Screws, Studs

A490

No Grade Mark

Bolts, Screws,

Medium Carbon Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered 4

Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered

Medium Carbon Steel, Quenched

1/2 thru 1120,000 130,000 1/2

150,000 min 170,000 max

All Sizes thru 1-1/2

60,000

33,000

36,000

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8.8

or

ISO R898 Class 8.8

92,000

120,000

120,000 130,000

150,000

Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered

88 10.9

or

85,000

ISO R898 Class 10.9

109

FASTENER IDENTIFIC IDENTIFICA ATION MARKING Grade Identification Marking

No Mark

Proof Hardness Nominal Size Load Rockwell See In. Note Stress M i n M a x ksi

Sp Specification

Material

ASTM A563 - Grade 0

Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 1-1/2

69

B55 C32

3,4

ASTM A563 - Grade A

Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 1-1/2

90

B68 C32

3,4

1/4 thru 1

120

over 1 thru 11/2

105

B69 C32

3,4

ASTM A563 - Grade B

Carbon Steel

ASTM A563 - Grade C

Carbon Steel May be Quenched and Tampered

1/4 thru 4

144

B78 C38

5

ASTM A563 - Grade C3

Atmospheric Corrosion Resistant Steel May be Quenched and Tampered

1/4 thru 4

144

B78 C38

5,9

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See Note 1,2

ASTM A563 - Grade DH

Carbon Steel Quenched and Tampered

1/4 thru 4

175

C24 C38

6

ASTM A563 - Grade DH3

Atmospheric Corrosion Resistant Steel, Quenched and Tampered

1/4 thru 4

175

C24 C38

5,9

ASTM A194 - Grade 1

Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 4

130

B70

ASTM A194 - Grade 2

Medium Carbon Steel

1/4 thru 4

150

159 352

7,8

Medium Carbon ASTM A194 - Grade 2H Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/4 thru 4

175

C24 C38

7

ASTM A194 - Grade 2HM

Medium Carbon Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/4 thru 4

150

159 237

7,8

ASTM A194 - Grade 4

Medium Carbon Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/4 thru 4

175

C24 C38

7

ASTM A194 - Grade 7

Medium Carbon Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered

1/4 thru 4

175

C24 C38

7

Medium Carbon Alloy Steel, ASTM A194 - Grade 7M Quenched and Tempered

1/4 thru 4

150

159 237

7

--

7

10

NOTES: 1. 2.

3.

In addition to the indicated grade marking, all grades, except A563 grades O, A and B, must be marked for manufacturer identification. The markings shown for all grades of A194 nuts are for cold formed and hot forged nuts. When nuts are machined from bar stock the nut must be additionally marked with the letter 'B'. Nuts are not required to be marked unless specified by the purchaser. When marked, the identification marking shall be the grade letter O, A or B.

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Hardnesses are Brinell Hardness Numbers. 9. The nut manufacturer, at his option, may add other markings to indicate the use of atmospheric corrosion resistant steel. 10. Specifications -ASTM A563 -- Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts. ASTM A194/A194M -- Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure and High Temperature Service. 8.

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